Job shops use various
standard general-purpose machine tools (stand-alone machines) or
machining centers. The production rate per year is relatively small.
However, these operations have high part variety. Different parts
can be produced in a short time without extensive changes in production
operations and tooling.
Job shop manufacturing
is commonly done to specific customer order. Also, job shop produce
to fill finished goods inventories.
It usually involves,
if any, very low automation
level. The workers must have relatively high skill levels to perform
a range of different work assignments.